Science and Technology

What is a Datacenter? Working, Size and its Types

A data center is a reliable storage facility that allows a business or an organization to process, arrange, and keep large amounts of data.

You, as a business, require huge data space for running different applications and platforms. Datacenter makes your job easy and stores all of your essential stuff to one focal point through where you can access it easily.

What is a Datacenter?

The data center is often referred to as a single term, but it comprises many individual elements, including servers, networking switches, routers, storage systems,  firewalls, and many other technical constituents.

Furthermore, a data center must offer a foolproof and uninterrupted power distribution. Back up generators are usually employed for it. To maintain the storage rooms at normal temperatures, excessive heat generated by the data center’s components is removed through cooling channels and ventilation systems.

This entire infrastructure demands infallible physical security and a sufficient area to install the electrical components.

How Does a Data Center Work?

Even with the constant evolution in our technology and data storing capability, we’re still on the verge of outscoring it with our unlimited hunger for data space. In today’s world, companies want to evolve as powerful brands, and for that, they require huge processing power and data storage.

Here are some of the significant components of a data center that will help you understand how a data center works.

1)      Storage

Storage is the most crucial part of your data center. It is where your important data is located. Its system is a bit different from your laptops, and PC storage as discs of different servers are connected to each other in one place by SAN (Storage Area Network). Multiple servers can access these discs through a fiber channel network or LAN network.

2)      HVAC Systems

How can we forget the mechanical component? It is simply the heart of your data center. It looks like an accessory to your data center, but in actual, the data center can’t simply run without it. HVAC systems provide cooling and ventilation for all of the electrical components.

As your electrical wires, servers, and switches are producing heat every single second, there must be an efficient cooling system that could flush out the heat to reduce the temperature of the surroundings.

3)      Servers

Servers do the processing work. They are more than just data in and data out. Servers provide a platform where the end-user meets with the hosting application. The application on your mobile can fetch typical data from the backend database from the data center.

4)       Network

A network allows the datacenter to share resources between the computing devices with the help of digital telecommunication services. Just like the internet, A network connects different types of equipment.

There are many other secondary components for security and back up purposes as well.

What are the Types of Datacenter?

Datacenters are customized on the basis of an organization’s data storage and processing power needs. We may classify data centers on the basis of how the organizations use, share, and manage them.

1)      Enterprise Data Centers

This type of data center is used and run by big companies that are financially strong enough to own their private datacenters.  They use it solely for their data storage and processing.

2)      Managed Services Data Centers

You might have heard of Web hosting servers. The web hosting services make use of this type of datacenters as a third party. The companies lease a part of the equipment and pay only for that instead of buying their personal data center.

3)      Colocation Data Centers

It’s a merge of different data centers in one place. In colocation, different companies rent a single space for managing their storage, servers, firewalls, etc.

4)      Cloud Data Centers

A unique type of data centers, cloud-based data centers are hosted by a cloud services provider like Amazon Web Services, Microsoft, or IBM. They are often more efficient than other types of data centers.

Data Center Design and Size

When we think about how a data center looks, many of us might think of it as a huge warehouse with lots of wires and switches. To some extent, we might be right as we speak about old data centers, but it’s not the case with modern data centers.

There are many designs and sizes in which data centers are available. It can vary from a single small room to large infrastructures comprising of even thousands of square feet. As large organizations require massive space for hardware requirements, they may use a large piece of land to set up their infrastructure.

Large and advanced data centers do not have much staff as much as you may think it may do. With technological advancements, now one person is enough to control a certain number of networking devices with their power and processing outputs.

Some Big Data Centers of the World

The big giants of the business industry occupy most of the biggest data centers in the world. Google, Facebook, Amazon, and Microsoft share a big part of the data storage in the world.

According to a fact, Microsoft adds 20,000 servers every month to their database! It’s a huge number, and it clearly shows the pace of data collection by Microsoft.

Google has thirteen notable data centers all around the world, with many small data centers supporting them. Google has also used shipping containers as data centers for server equipment.

Amazon is another significant company that owns large data centers, including cloud hosting services since 2006.

Energy Consumption of a Data Center

One of the major concerns that the engineers face during the data centers’ setup plan is the energy consumption and efficiency. It might not be a thing to worry for small data centers as they may require a few kilowatts of power, but for large data centers, the requirement can up to tens of megawatts or even more than that.

For high efficiency and environment-friendly storage systems, green data centers have been introduced. The use of catalytic converters, low emission building materials, and clean energy technology can not only overcome the load on our energy production sector but may also help make our planet worth living.

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