Medical

How to Care for Sleep Apnea?

During sleep when a person experiences an obstruction in breathing, this kind of disorder is called Sleep apnea.  A problem in the brain or a blocked airway can be a common cause of Involuntary cause I breathing. Most people experience Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

While the person is sleeping his breathing stops in between many a time unknowingly. During this process, the person may experience choking feeling, a sensation of gasping, snorting, or may take a deep breath once the airway opens.

If Sleep apnea goes untreated it may lead to serious health complications which may include heart diseases and depression. This condition can also lead to road accidents, feeling of drowsiness during daytime, less concentration in work and many more.

Sleep apnea can be treated with many options among which Philips Cpap machine and Bipap machines are the best among the other options you can explore in the market.

Facts on Sleep apnea

  • Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep apnea (OSA) is found in one out of five people while one in fifteen people experience moderate to severe symptoms of sleep apnea.
  • Only 20 percent of people in America are being diagnosed and treated with sleep apnea out of 18 million Americans.
  • OSA is mostly seen in women with menopausal or postmenopausal conditions.
  • The risk for Hypertension (High Blood pressure) increased in sleep apnea.
  • Sleep apnea can affect people of all ages that include children as well as adults.

Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms of Sleep Apnea are that a sleeper stops breathing, suddenly gasps or grunts wakes up, and after sometimes he may again go back to sleep. Apart from this, a person may experience daytime sleepiness due to interrupted sleep at night. Other symptoms of sleep apnea include insomnia, difficulty in concentrating, snoring, waking up at night to urinate, waking up with a dry mouth or sore throat, headache, irritation, heartburn, and erectile dysfunction.

It is seen that a large neck circumference that is greater than 17 inches for men, and 15 inches for women are more likely to have sleep apnea.

Various factors that contribute to the blocking of the airway

Muscular changes:  The muscles that keep the airway open relax, when people sleep. This causes the airway to narrow down. But in sleep apnea, this relaxation prevents the flow of air in and out of the lungs.

Physical obstructions: The airflow gets restricted with the tissue that gets thick or excessive fat that gets stored around the airway. This causes loud snoring when air squeezes past that is associated with OSA.

The pause in breathing is commonly called apnea. The individual is not conscious of the problem who is experiencing apnea though the process continues hundreds of times throughout the night.

Risk factors associated with Sleep apnea

The Risk factors associated with sleep apnea include sleeping on the back, obesity, sinusitis, large neck circumference,weight gain, menopause, large tonsils, down syndrome, smoking, family history of sleep apnea and recessed chin or large overbite.

Complications associated with Sleep apnea

There are a number of complications that are associated with Sleep disorders and other conditions include road accidents,  difficulty in focusing, mood swings, hypertension, stroke, glaucoma, memory troubles, fatigue, headaches, dry mouth or sore throat after sleeping which decreased the quality of life.

Treatment of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a problem that brings with it a lot of other health complications such as motor vehicle accidents, difficulty concentrating, depression, heart attack, and stroke. There are different methods of treatments available depending on the cause and the level of sleep apnea.

If the breathing of a person gets normalized it will have the following effects on sleep apnea:

  1. You get rid of daytime fatigue
  2. It helps restore normal sleeping and prevent unwanted mental health.
  3. It saves you from cardiovascular problems.

Need for Change in Lifestyle

Change in lifestyle can also lead to normal breathing which is the first step in the treatment of sleep apnea. Some of them are:

  • Alcohol cessation
  • Smoking cessation
  • Weight loss
  • Side sleeping

More Options

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy:

This is the most recommended treatment for sleep apnea. It keeps the airway open by pushing a constant stream of positive air pressure gently through a mask. It makes sure that your airway doesn’t collapse during breathing while sleeping. CPAP therapy is comprised of a CPAP machine that further has a mask that covers your nose and mouth, a tube that connects the mask to the CPAP machine’s motor and it also has a motor that blows air into the tube.

Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (Bipap) Therapy:

A Bipap machine is made for patients suffering from sleep apnea. It delivers pressurized air through a mask to the patient’s airways. The throat muscles do not collapse and the obstruction to the airway is reduced with the help of the air pressure. The Bipap machines allow patients to breathe easily and regularly throughout the night.

Surgery:

After all other treatments failed surgery is the only option left. Generally, before going for the surgery at least a three-month trial of other treatment options is suggested. Surgical options might include tissue removal, tissue shrinkage, jaw repositioning, implants, nerve stimulation, and creating a new airway passage.

What is the difference between Bipap and CPAP therapy?

  1. Patients find Bipap machines more comfortable:

Patients find the constant singular pressure uncomfortable in the case of Cpap machines. At higher pressures, exhaling can be challenging for some patients. On the other hand, using a Bipap machine can be much easier.

  1. Bipap machines have two pressure settings:

Bipap machines have two pressure settings: one pressure for inhalation, and a lower pressure for exhalation. Many patients find Bipap more comfortable when compared to Bipap machines which deliver single pressure.

  1. Bipap machines and CPAP machines cater to different needs:

The CPAP machine is usually used to treat mild to moderate sleep apnea. Doctors may recommend a Bipap machine depending on the severity of sleep apnea.  Patients requiring high levels of pressure are prescribed using Bipap.

Philips Bipap and Cpap machines are the best available options in the market to treat the patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).  You do not have to think even once to go  for it as it is equipped with all the modern and essential features needed for the patient.

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