Medical

WHAT IS AMENORRHOEA

Amenorrhoea is when a woman does not experience menstruation or a girl who has not started her menstruation after she has turned 15. Generally, the most common cause of amenorrhoea is pregnancy but there are usually other underlying conditions that cause amenorrhoea or problems with reproductive organs or there is a problem with the glands that regulate hormone levels.

Causes:

Amenorrhoea can occur naturally and is found in women who are pregnant, breast-feeding and are going through menopause. Contraceptives, certain medications like antipsychotics and lifestyle factors such as having low body weight can cause amenorrhoea. Hormonal imbalance and problems related to the sexual organs such as structural abnormality of the vagina can cause amenorrhoea as well.

Diagnosis:

A pelvic exam will be performed, including examination of breasts and genitals to determine the diagnosis. The doctor may use other tests such as a thyroid function test, male hormone test, ovary function test and prolactin test to determine other possible problems.

Signs & symptoms:

  • Milky nipple discharge is present
  • Loss of hair
  • Headache
  • Experience vision changes
  • Have excess facial hair and acne
  • Experience pelvic pain

Treatment:

Varies on cause of amenorrhoea. Generally, contraceptive pills or hormone therapies are given as these medications can help start the menstrual cycle. If amenorrhoea is caused by thyroid disorder then other medications are given and if there is a growth inside the female that is causing amenorrhoea, then surgery may be required to remove the growth.

Management:

Exercise, eat healthy, find ways to decrease stress and keep track of menstrual cycle start and end dates.

 

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