Health & Fitness

Male Infertility

Men’s Infertility is one of the causes of couples being unable to conceive despite having frequent and unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer. Male infertility is linked to low sperm production, abnormal sperm function, illnesses, chronic health problems and lifestyle choices are contributing factors to male infertility.


Medical, environmental and lifestyle choices can cause male infertility. Examples of medical causes are varicocele, infections, tumours and hormone imbalances. Examples of environmental causes are exposure to industrial chemicals, heavy metals such as lead and radiation or x-rays. Examples of lifestyle choices are smoking, alcoholism, substance abuse and obesity.


A general physical examination and medical history as well as a semen analysis is usually required to diagnose male infertility. Some addition tests such as a scrotal ultrasound, genetic tests and transrectal ultrasound may also be required.

Signs & Symptoms:

Problems with sexual function

Pain, swelling or a lump found in the testicle area

Repeated respiratory infections

Being unable to smell

Abnormal breast growth observed

Chromosomal or hormonal abnormality such as a decrease in facial and body hair

Having a lower than normal sperm count



Treating of infections and for sexual intercourse problems

Hormone treatments and medications

Assisted reproductive technology (ART)


Increase frequency of sex, have sex when female partner is ovulating and avoid use of lubricants.


Don’t smoke, limit or abstain from alcohol, don’t get a vasectomy, reduce stress, do not take illicit drugs and avoid exposure to pesticides, heavy metals and other toxins.


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