Health & Fitness

Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes
It is a chronic condition whereby the pancreas produces little to no insulin. There is still no cure for type 1 diabetes so the only way to help someone with type 1 diabetes is to help manage their condition.

Causes:
The body’s immune system mistakenly destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas through the cause for this happening is unknown. Genetics and exposure to viruses or even other environmental factors are contributing factors to causing type 1 diabetes.

Diagnosis:
The doctor will perform glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test, random blood sugar test and fasting blood sugar test to determine the diagnosis.

Signs & symptoms:
→ Very thirsty and hungry
→ Urinating frequently
→ Losing weight without even trying
→ Easily irritable
→ Various changes in mood
→ Blurry vision

Management:
Take any medication prescribed by the doctor and take insulin injections.

Type 1 diabetes in children:
Similar to type 1 diabetes in adults, the body is unable to produce insulin so the insulin must be replaced, usually through injecting it directly to the body.

Causes:
The body’s immune system mistakenly destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas through the cause for this happening is unknown. Genetics and exposure to viruses or even other environmental factors are contributing factors to causing type 1 diabetes.

Diagnosis:
The doctor will perform glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test, random blood sugar test and fasting blood sugar test to determine the diagnosis.

Signs & symptoms:
→ Bed-wetting
→ Fruity-smelling breath
→ Yeast infection in young girls or diaper rashes
→ Very thirsty and hungry
→ Urinating frequently
→ Losing weight without even trying
→ Easily irritable
→ Various changes in mood
→ Blurry vision

Management:
Take the insulin injections and take the medication prescribed by the doctor.

Type 2 diabetes:
It is a chronic condition where the body is unable to properly metabolize glucose which is an essential energy source for the body. In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to insulin. There is no cure for type 2 diabetes so the only way to help someone with type 2 diabetes is to manage their condition.

Causes:
The body becomes resistant to insulin through the cause for this happening is unknown but genetics and environmental factors (excessive weight gain and inactivity) can be contributing factors.

Diagnosis:
The doctor will perform glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test, random blood sugar test, oral glucose tolerance test and fasting blood sugar test to determine the diagnosis.

Signs & symptoms:
→ Very thirsty and hungry
→ Urinating frequently
→ Losing weight without even trying
→ Blurry vision
→ Fatigue
→ Slow-healing sores
→ Having frequent infections
→ Patches of darkened skin

Management:
Take the insulin injections and take the medication prescribed by the doctor.

Prevention:
Maintain a healthy and active lifestyle and try to maintain a healthy weight.

Type 2 diabetes in children:
It is a chronic condition where the body is unable to properly metabolize glucose which is an essential energy source for the body. In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to insulin. There is no cure for type 2 diabetes so the only way to help someone with type 2 diabetes is to manage their condition. Type 2 diabetes is becoming more common in children as there are more children becoming obese.

Causes:
The body becomes resistant to insulin through the cause for this happening is unknown but genetics and environmental factors (excessive weight gain and inactivity) can be contributing factors.

Diagnosis:
The doctor will perform glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test, random blood sugar test, oral glucose tolerance test and fasting blood sugar test to determine the diagnosis.

Signs & symptoms:
→ Very thirsty and hungry
→ Urinating frequently
→ Losing weight without even trying
→ Blurry vision
→ Fatigue
→ Slow-healing sores
→ Having frequent infections

Management:
Take the insulin injections and take the medication prescribed by the doctor.

Prevention:
Eat healthily and stay active.

For more health information please visit: https://www.dtapclinic.com 

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